Economic and Social Assessment for the Croatian Marine and Coastal Strategy (ESA)

Commissioned by: Priority Action Programme / Regionial Activity Centre, Split
Project duration: June, 2013 - December, 2013
Project manager: Nenad Starc, PhD
Collaborators: Ivana Rašić, Marijana Sumpor, Željka Kordej-De Villa

Brief outline: 
The key project tasks were: 
  1. An economic and social analysis of the use of marine waters and of the coast and related pressures 
  2. An economic and social analysis of the cost of degradation of the coastal and marine environment, taking into account the impacts of the climate variability and change 
  3. Comparison of the social benefits and of the costs of key economic activities, conclusions and recommendations for future program of measures   

The assessment was performed in accordance with the requirements of the ICZM Protocol and of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD).   

The following methodological framework was used in the course of the project:
  • DPSIR (Drivers, Pressure, State, Impact and Response) framework
  • ecosystem services approach
  • adoption of IPCC scenarios
  • extended CBA (cost-benefit analysis) framework  

The final methodological approach was based on the following guidelines:  
  • UNEP/MAP/PAP/RAC (2008) ICZM Protocol
  • EC (2010) Economic and Social Analysis for the Initial Assessment for the Marine Strategy Framework Directive: A Guidance Document
  • EC DG MARE (2012) Scenarios and Drivers for Sustainable Growth from the Oceans, Seas and Coast, third interim report
  • UN (2012) Regular process for global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including socio-economic aspects
  • UNEP/MAP/Blue Plan (2010) The Economic Value of Sustainable Benefits from the Mediterranean Marine Ecosystem
  • NOEP (2009) State of the U.S. Ocean and Coastal Economies
  • UNEP (2011) Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication
  • UNEP (2012) Green economy in a Blue World  
Already finalized ESA studies for Germany, UK, Netherlands, and other EU countries were used.